From the 1860s the Māori settlement of Parihaka became the base for a peaceful resistance campaign against land confiscations, led by Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu Kākahi. In May 1879 men from Parihaka began ploughing and fencing land occupied by settlers.
Over the following months the ploughing campaign humiliated and frustrated the government. Many ploughmen were arrested and jailed without trial in the South Island.
On the 5 November 1881 more than 1,500 armed constabulary and volunteers invaded Parihaka. Te Whiti and Tohu were arrested, many houses were destroyed, and a large number of residents were forcibly evacuated.
check out more of the story here